Legality of voting electronic and online

Legality of electronic and online voting
Court of Rome
In 2015, the Judgment of the Ordinary Court of Rome with the adoption of the ELIGO platform: "A series of technological precautions are in place that are suitable to prevent misuse or improper use of the vote and offer the greatest guarantees of confidentiality, secrecy and freedom of expression of the vote."
Legality of electronic and online voting
Privacy Guarantor
"In 2011, [...] In the force and on the basis of the content of the then Legislative Decree 196/2003, the Guarantor for the Protection of Personal Data expressed itself as follows in the final measure of the preliminary investigation: 'The possible relationship between voters and voting preferences expressed is not recorded in any table, nor is it reconstructible starting from the information stored in the databases.' [...] 'The measures described by ID Technology are assessed to be adequate to prevent the direct and indirect identification of voters and votes cast , with the consequence that the feared risks of voter identification can be considered non-existent.'"

Why ELIGO eVoting ensures legality of electronic and online voting

01
Bylaws/Regulations
Compliance with Regulations and Statutes of the entity. Request your free consultation.
02
Confidentiality of the vote
The ELIGO system guarantees absolute anonymity through immediate logical and physical vote/voter splitting.
03
Uniqueness of voting
Due to the unique identifier with ELIGO, the possibility of casting a second vote by the same voter is prevented.
04
Immodifiability of the vote
ELIGO's software architecture and encryption prevent any modification of the votes cast.
05
Online voter recognition mechanisms
Username and Password via email or PEC, Strong Authentication with OTP via SMS, SPID, SSO Integration.
06
Transparency of the voting process
Monitoring and control interface dedicated to the Election Commission.
07
Simplicity of the voting process
Simple and guided voting procedures that prevent any error in casting a vote.
08
Guaranteed the right to vote
Continuous oversight of systems and regularity of election processes.
09
Adequate levels of security
256-bit encryption, Protective firewall, Https protocol.

Regulatory framework of electronic and online voting.

 

There is no precise technical norm in Italy, nor at the European Union level, that establishes the standards to be followed for the design and implementation of an online voting system. Undoubtedly one of the reference documents is Recommendation CM/Rec(2017)51 adopted by the European Council. However, it is crucial to point out that it refers to universal suffrage voting and that some concepts and requirements are not applicable to private voting.

The voting system must be consistent with the body's Bylaws or Election Regulations, providing a delicate balance between the technological needs of security and the operational needs of cost, voting flow and simplicity of expression of the latter. On the other hand, the usability-level indications defined in the Voluntary Voting System Guidelines document of the Nation Institute for Standard Technology, an American body, and those most recently issued by the Italian Ministry of the Interior with Law No. 160/2019, aimed at experimenting with digital voting expression methods for political and European elections and referendums provided for in Articles 75 and 138 of the Constitution, are relevant.

The interface and user experience of ELIGO eVoting were developed based on these recommendations.

Regulatory framework for electronic identification and authentication.

 

Electronic identification is a process in which personal authentication data is used in electronic form in order to uniquely identify the user of a digital platform. Personal identification data is the set of information that makes it possible to establish the identity of a natural or legal person, or a natural person representing a legal person.

 

The normative basis to refer to in order to identify the standards of electronic service delivery and means of digital identification is the EU Regulation No. 910/2014 on digital identity - eIDAS (electronic IDentification Authentication and Signature) Regulation.

The Regulations are fully effective in Italian territory and govern the following aspects of digital identification:

  • sets the conditions under which member states shall recognize electronic means of identification of natural and legal persons;
  • Establishes standards for trust services, particularly for electronic transactions;
  • Establishes a legal framework for electronic signatures, electronic seals, electronic time validations, electronic documents, electronic certified delivery services, and services related to website authentication certificates.

 

The application of the provisions contained in the eIDAS regulation, in summary, enablesdigital interactions between citizens, businesses and public administrations, increasing the level of security and effectiveness of digital user identification systems and the set of related data collected and recorded in electronic form.